Oceans and Fisheries Seminar Schedule

Term 1 – 2018/9

 

DATE SPEAKER TITLE
November 16 Prof. Matthew G. Burgess
Assistant Professor
Environmental Studies Program
University of Colorado Boulder

Understanding tradeoffs and synergies between stakeholder objectives is a major focus of environmental science. In fisheries, it is conventional wisdom that ending overfishing of target fish stocks offers a synergy between fishery profits, food production, and the ecological health of these target stocks. In contrast, it is conventional wisdom that there is a tradeoff between maintaining fishery profits and conserving marine mammal, turtle, and bird species caught incidentally as fishery bycatch. Using theoretical and empirical evidence, I will argue that situations exactly opposite to these conventional wisdoms might be common, especially in coastal waters of the developing world. With bycatch, we find that unsustainable mortality on marine mammal, turtle, and bird species often goes hand-in-hand with overfishing of target stocks. Thus, reducing fishing pressure in these fisheries could solve both problems. In contrast, we find that classical single-species models used to manage target stocks can sometimes significantly overestimate the food production available in an ecosystem. Indeed, once species interactions are accounted for, we find that there can be a strong tradeoff between target stock health and food production, because the highest-yielding fishing strategies often involve depleting predator fish. We find less severe ecosystem-level tradeoffs between profit and target stock health, because predators often fetch the highest prices. Our findings carry implications for managing ecosystems for the triple bottom line of economic, social, and ecological objectives. They also offer generalizable lessons about when resource management for multiple objectives can be made simpler, and when additional complexity is needed.

November 23 Tom Carruthers
and Lab
November 30 TBA
September 7 Nigel Haggan Unsettling Environmental Review: Thoughts from the Pipelines and the Poetics of Place Project
A film and conversation…
September 14 Dr. Jose Mª Bellido Millán Biogeography and spatial ecology in fisheries research: The spatial dimension of fisheries
September 21 Sybil P. Seitzinger Nitrogen Hunting from Land to Ocean
September 28 Song Gao, Ph.D. Evolving Aerosols and Super Greenhouse Gases: Atmospheric Chemistry Perspectives in Mitigating Air Pollution and Climate Change

Note: This seminar was not recorded at the speaker’s request

October 5 Dr. Philippe Tortell
A new generation of ocean observing approaches to link plankton dynamics to fisheries science and management
October 12 Supporting Student, Staff and Faculty wellbeing at UBC Workplace Well-being
Note: This seminar was not recorded
October 19 Philippe Le Billon Fish Wars
October 26 Dr. Dirk Zeller The Land Down Under: Starting the Sea Around Us – Indian Ocean
November 2 Neil Davis and Dr Robyn Forrest
21st century fisheries management on Canada’s Pacific coast
November 9 Murdoch McAllister
Associate Professor; Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, UBC
Developing management options to deal with spasmodic recruitment in Atlantic redfish
Note: This session was not recorded at speaker’s request

DATE SPEAKER TITLE
September 8 Jennifer Gardy
Assistant Professor, School of Population and Public Health, Canada Research Chair in Public Health Genomics, Senior Scientist at the British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, co-host CBC's The Nature of Things and Discovery Channel's Daily Planet
Why Communicate Science? SCIence Communication Action Team - SciCAT!
Communicating our science and our scholarship is an incredibly important part of what we as researchers do. In this short and interactive session, a facilitator from SciCATS (the Science Communication Action Team!) will walk you through the fundamentals of talking about your research. Come prepared to learn, share, laugh, and be inspired!
September 15 Andrés Cisneros-Montemayor
Program Manager / Research Associate
Nippon Foundation – UBC Nereus Program
Enabling (or bracing for) the Blue Economy: equity, sustainability, and growth for the marine industrial revolution
The Blue Economy is a promising framework for ocean-based sustainable development, a kind of marine industrial revolution that is already underway. However, interested nations and financiers must carefully consider if there is sufficient 1) natural potential and 2) governance capacity to achieve equitable and sustainable economic growth. If this can’t be assured, potential negative outcomes include further environmental degradation, poor returns on investments, increased social and economic inequality, and, ultimately, a higher risk of human conflicts. A socially equitable and environmentally sustainable marine industrial revolution is possible, but must be carefully implemented to avoid the mistakes and sometimes egregious outcomes of the past.
September 22 Dr. Sarah Foster
National Coordinator, SeaChoice
Honorary Research Associate; Project Seahorse
Turning national commitments into conservation action for seahorses

Seahorses have generated many exciting conservation changes for seahorses and other ocean life - the most important being the emergence of a new tool for regulating global exports of marine fishes. All seahorse species are listed on Appendix II of The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, which means international trade can continue but must be managed for sustainability. The listing of seahorses on CITES was a step in the right direction – but as is the case with all agreements, without effective implementation the listing will not mean much for seahorses. Implementation of this listing at the national level is critical, and has been much of Project Seahorse’s, and my, focus for the last 6 or so years. My presentation will give you an overview of our efforts in making CITES work for seahorses, the successes as well as the challenges. My focus is on supporting Parties to prove their exports are not detrimental to wild populations, and illegal trade. At its simplest, proving non-detriment comes down to answering a few key questions: where are the seahorses, what threats do they face, what management is in place to mitigate threats and is management working. When exporting countries can’t prove non-detriment they face trade bans – and this is now the case for all major seahorse-exporting nations. So where do we go from here?

September 29 Dr. Villy Christensen
Professor, IOF, UBC
Are ecosystem models used for management and policy?
There is almost global agreement that marine resources have to be managed sustainably and with an ecosystem perspective. Ecosystem models play an important role for this, but are they actually used for fisheries management and setting of policies? When considering this, remember that models should be used for what they are good for, and that different models are constructed for different purposes. Ecosystem models are primarily for strategic considerations of the kind: where do we want to be with this ecosystem in the medium term (i.e. 5-10 years)? As such, they compliment assessment models that are constructed for shorter-term tactical purposes. So, are they now, after decades of development actually being used for management and policy? In this talk, I will give a cursory overview of the type of questions that the most widely used ecosystem modelling framework, Ecopath with Ecosim (EwE) is being used to address and how this is being used for actual management and policy settings around the world.Villy is one of the core faculty of IOF, and he primarily works with development of tools for ecosystem based management, notably the Ecopath with Ecosim (EwE) approach and modelling framework – in close cooperation with Carl Walters and colleagues around the world. As part of this, he serves as Executive Board Chair of the Ecopath International Research and Development Consortium, which has 27 organizations as members. He has been involved in numerous international assessments, including the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, UNEP’s Global Environmental Outlooks and most recently as a lead author for IPBES. Recent activities range in scale from treating the global ocean as an ecosystem for evaluating combined climate and fisheries impacts to predicting ecological impacts of building a new container terminal at Roberts Bank.
October 6 Lydia Teh and Louise Teh
Research Associate, Nereus Program and Changing Oceans Research Unit
Research Associate, Fisheries Economics Research Unit
Perspectives on the societal contribution of small-scale fisheries
Improving the state of small-scale fisheries can help governments achieve various Sustainable Development Goals by 2030, especially those on eradicating poverty, achieving zero hunger, and sustaining oceans. To do this, it is essential to gain a better understanding about how small-scale fisheries contribute to society, and challenges to their ability to make these contributions. In this presentation we cover recent and ongoing research which analyses small-scale fisheries’ societal contribution from three different perspectives. First, we assess the relative importance of small-scale fisheries for food security by comparing the amount of catch from small-scale and industrial fisheries that is used directly as food fish, rather than being converted to other uses. Second, we take a more in-depth look at fisheries employment to examine the relative importance of fishing jobs to individual fishers. We look beyond valuing employment as just a number, and explore attributes of fishing jobs that better portray their socio-economic relevance to fishers. Third, we use the concept of ‘safety net’ to bring together and value the various ways in which fishing offers a form of social protection to the poor and vulnerable in times of crisis. We conclude by addressing human rights protection as a pathway towards providing the necessary conditions for improving small-scale fisheries.
October 13 Josh Eagle
Solomon Blatt Professor of Law,
Director, Coastal Law Field Lab
University of South Carolina
The 21st Century Wharf
In early colonial America, the English common law did not grant waterfront landowners the right to construct a wharf (a pier or dock) on the submerged land next to their property. By the 1640s, however, colonial legislatures and courts began to change that. They recognized that the establishment of this private right, which allowed landowners to connect to navigation, would benefit the growing nation.The bargain was as follows: By providing the private landowner with an easement over the adjacent submerged land, the government would encourage private investment in the construction of commercial wharves. Private investment in wharves would not only increase the value of the owner’s property, but it would also provide benefits to society in the form of cheaper and more convenient facilities for the movement of goods and services by water.While we may no longer be concerned with wharf shortages, there are other publicly important projects -- such as building new dunes and restoring fish habitat -- that waterfront landowners might undertake. Should we develop new kinds of property rights that would encourage private investment in enhancing ecosystem services? What would these rights look like, and what are the potential benefits and risks of a property rights approach?
October 20 David Shiffman
Liber Ero Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Simon Fraser University
Recreational Shark Fishing in Florida: An Interdisciplinary Analysis of an Emerging Conservation Issue
Sharks are one of the most threatened groups of marine fishes, but the majority of research, advocacy, and management attention to date has focused on threats stemming from commercial fisheries. In this seminar, Dr. David Shiffman will present his interdisciplinary research on threats that sharks face from recreational fisheries in Florida, including charterboat fishing, land-based fishing, and trophy fishing. This research includes assessments of the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of different groups of recreational shark anglers, as well as recommended policy solutions.Dr. David Shiffman is a Liber Ero Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Simon Fraser University, where his research focuses on sustainable shark fisheries in North America. He has a Bachelors of Science in Biology from Duke University, a Masters in Marine Biology from the College of Charleston, and a Ph.D. in Ecosystem Science and Policy from the University of Miami. David is also an award-winning science communicator, with bylines in the Washington Post and Scientific American, and has been interviewed in Science, Nature, National Geographic, CNN, and NPR. His widely-followed twitter account @WhySharksMatter is used to educate non-experts about marine science and conservation. Please visit DavidShiffmanCV.com for more information
October 27 Philippe Le Billon
Professor, UBC Department of Geography and the Liu Institute for Global Issues
Jessica Spijkers
PhD student, Stockholm Resilience Centre and James Cook University
Nereus Research Fellow
Fish Wars Note: Video unavailable for this seminar.
Conflicts at sea over fisheries is a rising concern. We provide a brief overview of fisheries conflicts, including typologies, escalation patterns, and prevention/resolution mechanisms. We briefly discuss specific case studies associated with territorial disputes, climate change impacts, environmental activism, and the militarization of fishing fleets and enforcement.
November 3 Judith G. Hall
Professor Emeritus, Departments of Medical Genetics and Pediatrics, University of British Columbia and BC Children’s Hospital
Reflections on an Academic Career
Little is available in the academic literature about career development. I recently wrote an article after attending an international conference and speaking on the topic. The talk will provide "lessons learned" from the perspective of a 40 year academic career, and will be relevant to all stages of career from student to emeritus!!
November 10 Gerald Singh
Nippon Foundation Senior Nereus FellowGerald Singh is a Senior Research Fellow with the Nereus Program at the University of British Columbia. He leads the research at Nereus on oceans and sustainable development. His background is on coastal and marine resource management for ecosystem services, cumulative impacts assessment, and marine community ecology.
The Oceans Enabling Sustainable Development, and Development Enabling Sustainable Oceans: Research to Support Global Goals
In 2015, 194 countries adopted the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) – 17 aspirational goals with 169 targets promoting global efforts to eradicate poverty and hunger, promote education and reduce inequalities, grow economies and protect and restore natural systems (among others). There is a specific goal set for the global oceans named SDG 14: Life Below Water. Over forty-five countries have expressed support for a recent proposal from the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission to call 2021-2030 the International Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development. The establishment and buy-in of these goals presents an unprecedented opportunity for both positive research programs to study social-ecological systems (e.g. can the goals all be achieved together, and if so under what conditions?) and normative research to establish policy trajectories to actually achieve the SDGs (e.g. what targets should be prioritized to make progress across most goals possible?). However, there is a risk that researchers use the SDGs simply as a vehicle to validate and valorize ideas already held and research already underway regardless of the existence of SDGs.In this talk, Dr. Singh will outline initial studies undertaken by the Nereus Program to relate ocean sustainability positively and negatively to the SDGs, and plans for future research on oceans and SDGs, partnering with national governments, intergovernmental organizations, and international NGOs. Making progress towards the SDGs will depend in part on relevant research highlighting important ways to promote them while also avoiding mistakes and avoidable tradeoffs in policy.
November 17 Dalal Al-Abdulrazzak, PhD
Ocean Wise Seafood Specialist and Honorary Research Associate, IOF
Trends and future priorities for market-based marine conservation initiatives
This year marks the 20th anniversary of the sustainable seafood movement. A number of NGOs, businesses, and producers have put considerable effort into educating consumers and influencing seafood sustainability throughout the supply chain. This talk with summarize some of the global trends and future priorities of market-based marine conservation initiatives with a particular focus on Ocean Wise in Canada. I will discuss the market forces that help drive change on the water as well as the limitations such as the ability to influence fisheries sustainability in developing countries.
November 24 Moura Quayle
Director pro tem, UBC School of Public Policy and Global Affairs
The UBC School of Public Policy and Global Affairs: leadership through engagement
Moura will discuss the opportunities open to the UBC Campus for evolving the UBC School of Public Policy and Global Affairs, including an explanation of the current components of School: the Centre for the Study of Democratic Institutions, the Canadian International Resources and Development Institute, the Institute of Asian Research, the Liu Institute for Global Issues, and the Master of Public Policy and Global Affairs professional program. Opportunities exist for policy innovation and engagement with business, government and civil society through a Policy Studio and a focus on knowledge sharing and mobilization. Moura will invite colleagues in the Institute of Oceans and Fisheries to discuss ways to engage with the UBC Policy School and help us build a strong cross-campus research and scholarly community.
December 1 Robert Parker
NSERC Postdoctoral Fellow; Fisheries Economic Research Unit
Measuring the carbon footprint of global fisheries and aquaculture
Food production is one of the largest contributors to climate change, accounting for roughly one quarter of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Diets and food choices, particularly as they pertain to animal protein, also provide one of the most effective ways for individuals to limit their own carbon footprints. Over the past 15 years, a growing number of seafood production systems have been assessed to determine their relative contributions to GHGs and other emissions. These studies have primarily used a tool called life cycle assessment—capturing the impacts at each stage of production from ocean to plate—producing over 60 papers to date from case studies in both wild capture and aquaculture systems. This presentation is intended to provide a brief overview of observed patterns in GHG emissions from fisheries and aquaculture as well as consistent drivers and opportunities for improvement across the industry. Results will be presented from a recently accepted paper to Nature Climate Change modelling the GHG emissions of the global fishing industry. Finally, the presentation will preview work being done in collaboration with Dalhousie University and Monterey Bay Aquarium’s Seafood Watch program to communicate the carbon footprint of fisheries and aquaculture production via an interactive website.
January 5 Peter Sorensen
Professor, Department of Fisheries, Wildlife and Conservation Biology
University of Minnesota
The plight of freshwater fisheries and prospect of using protected areas to sustain them

Peter Sorensen is a visiting professor at UBC from the University of Minnesota where he has a position in the Department of Fisheries, Wildlife and Conservation Biology. His expertise is in fish behavioral ecology and physiology but he has a long standing interest in fisheries conservation. Peter is presently working on the concept of freshwater protected areas, which he will address in this talk.

He earned his PhD in Biological Oceanography from the University of Rhode Island for discovering that migratory eels find fresh water from the ocean using the scent of freshwater microbes. He then completed a postdoc at the University of Alberta where he discovered that most sex pheromones used by fish are derived from hormones. At Minnesota, he has deployed this understanding of fish biochemistry and molecular biology to develop new means of controlling fish behavior, especially invasive fish, and censusing them. He worked for 16 years on sea lamprey control in the Great Lakes where he identified and implemented the first migratory pheromone identified in a fish. He founded the Minnesota Aquatic Invasive Species Research Center in 2011 and presently works on invasive common carp and Asian carp behavior (and control) but wonders if protecting the Mississippi River would not have been a much better way to go.

January 12 Marie Auger-Méthé
Assistant Professor
Dept. of Statistics and Institute for the Oceans & Fisheries
State-space models: the good, the bad and the ugly
State-space models (SSMs) are increasingly used in ecology to model time-series such as animal movement paths and population dynamics. This type of hierarchical model is structured to account for two levels of variability: biological stochasticity and measurement error. Because they can account for large measurement error, they are particularly popular to study marine animals for which it is often hard to get accurate time-series of geographic locations and population counts. SSMs are flexible. They can model linear and nonlinear processes using a variety of statistical distributions. In this talk, Marie will use marine movement data to introduce SSMs and to demonstrate when these models are useful and when they can fail. She will also highlight new tools that can help fit state-space models to data.
January 19 Fiorenza Micheli
David and Lucile Packard Professor of Marine Science
Co-Director, Center for Ocean Solutions
Hopkins Marine Station
Stanford University
Under pressure: Vulnerability and resilience of marine ecosystems and fisheries to multiple stressors

Marine and coastal ecosystems and human communities around the world are impacted by climate change, resulting in decreased ocean productivity, altered food web dynamics, habitat degradation, economic losses, and health and safety risks as a consequence of the changing and more variable climate. I will present results of an interdisciplinary research program investigating the current impacts of climate and oceanographic variability on marine ecosystems and fisheries of Baja California, Mexico, and the influences of local and global feedbacks on the resilience and adaptive capacity of these systems.

January 26 Xiaonan Lu
Associate Professor, Food Science
UBC Faculty of Land and Food Systems
Construction of advanced techniques to detect seafood fraud and adulteration

Seafood is a global commodity traded worldwide that follows a long, non-transparent and complicated supply chain. Seafood fraud and adulteration has been an emerging topic discovered during the past decade. According to a recent survey, 69% wild pacific salmon on the market was indeed farmed Atlantic salmon. In comparison to other techniques, advanced spectroscopic techniques have unique advantages in tracing food fraud and adulteration in a rapid and less/non-destructive manner that can facilitate high-throughput screening. Infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and NMR spectroscopy and their application in the detection of seafood fraud will be discussed. The portable and handheld spectroscopic devices developed at UBC Food Safety Engineering Laboratory will be introduced as well. Finally, DNA barcoding techniques will be introduced and its application for a survey study of fish mislabelling in metro Vancouver is undergoing.

(Please note: This seminar was not videotaped.)

February 2 Riley Pollom
Programme Officer, IUCN SSG Shark Specialist Group, Simon Fraser University
From Seahorses to Sharks: Species Conservation for the Global Oceans
Human pressures on biodiversity have accumulated over the last several hundred years to lead to an increase in species extinction risk globally. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species is the most widely accepted method of quantifying and tracking extinction risk, and knowledge of species status is a necessary precursor to planning for successful species conservation. The IUCN SSC Seahorse, Pipefish, and Stickleback Specialist Group set out to assess all 300+ species of syngnathiform fishes for the first time on the Red List. Results show that a minimum of 6% of species are threatened with extinction, and that up to a third are Data Deficient and may be at risk. Extinction risk for this taxonomic group was concentrated in species that depend partially on freshwater, and those that inhabit Southeast Asian waters where trawling pressure is high. Another taxonomic group in the marine realm that faces high levels of extinction risk are the chondrichthyans – with one quarter of all species listed as threatened - mostly due to fishing. Since the first assessment of chondricthyans was completed conservation efforts have ramped up, although alongside fishing effort. A second global assessment is now scheduled to take place from now until 2020, which will provide us with a second data point to calculate a Red List Index in order to assess the efficacy of conservation actions to date. Both of these assessments will inform conservation action by the respective specialist groups, and will help to inform international governments on their conservation progress leading up to the Aichi Targets deadline in 2020.
February 9 Rachael E. Sullivan, PhD
Equity Facilitator, UBC Equity + Inclusion Office
Diversity by Design: Building a Respectful Working and Learning Environment at UBC
Being a diverse campus is not enough. According to Pettigrew and Tropp (2008) exposure, contact and proximity to diversity does not on its own produce understanding or learning. We need to be intentional in how we cultivate respectful and inclusive working and learning spaces at UBC. Guidelines and policies often provide the framework for how we come together as students, staff and faculty members, but without corresponding actions we cannot realize these goals. In this short and fast-paced session, we will review these frameworks and explore what it means to work across difference and embrace diversity at UBC.
February 16 Jordan Rosenfeld
Aquatic Scientist, Applied Freshwater Ecology Research Unit
Reshaping societal expectations: Four reasons why mature economies should converge on zero economic growth
The fundamental principle of economic growth is the central paradigm of western society and economics, and is rarely questioned outside of academic circles. In this presentation Dr. Rosenfeld will consider the elements that may constrain economic growth as societies mature. Starting with a framework in basic organismal physiology, he will consider parallels between how investment in growth vs. maintenance costs shift through ontogeny of individual organisms and by analogy economies, as well as additional environmental and social factors that may constrain mature economies to converge on zero economic growth as they mature.
March 2 Eric Taylor
Professor, UBC Department of Zoology
Director and Curator of Fishes, Beaty Biodiversity Museum
Science in the service of conservation of Canadian freshwater fish species-at-risk
Canada has a rich, often under-appreciated, diversity of freshwater fishes. Such diversity is increasingly under threat from myriad and vexing changes to aquatic and surrounding terrestrial habitats. For the protection of biodiversity alone, such problems are much more serious for Canada's freshwater fishes compared to marine fishes. Prof. Taylor will summarize Canada's highest level conservation assessment and protection system (COSEWIC and SARA), warts and all, for freshwater fishes. He will also describe some of the research projects that he has undertaken in aid of conservation assessment in fishes using examples from British Columbia.
March 9 Dr. Rainer Froese
Senior Scientist, GEOMAR
Helmholtz-Centre for Ocean Research
New methods for estimating the status of data-poor fisheries
New legislation around the world requires stock assessments not only for the one-quarter of large and valuable fisheries, but also for the three quarters of other commercially exploited marine species. This has revived an interest in less data demanding methods, such as stock reduction analysis (SRA), where the sustainability of catches are analyzed before the background of the productivity of the respective species, and rough estimates of the status of the stocks. The talk will present one such method called CMSY, which has recently been applied to all European stocks with reliable catch data. Also, a new length-based Bayesian biomass estimation (LBB) method will be presented for estimating stock status--such as needed by CMSY and other SRA methods--from length frequency samples from the commercial fishery.
March 16 Dr. Rashid Sumaila
Professor, Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries
Subsidies, climate change, high seas protection and the fair sharing of the global ocean
Fisheries subsidies, climate change and high seas protection are three topical issues being vigorously debated currently in relation to the global ocean. Here, I explore how each of these, separately and jointly, can be designed, mitigated and/or implemented to ensure that the global ocean supports, at the same time, two of the arguably most pressing challenges facing humanity today, that is, how to ensure both the sustainability and the fair sharing of the global ocean in order to reduce the current extreme skewed distribution of wealth in the world. I will present our recent data and analysis on subsidies, climate change and large scale protection with a focus on how they currently hinder our ability to sustain and ensure equitable sharing of ocean benefits worldwide. I will close my talk by providing a few suggestions on how to turn things around.
March 23 Dr. Tom Carruthers
Assistant Professor; Quantitative Modeling Group
Experiences in the development of operating models for global fisheries: the inconvenient, the incoherent and the inexcusable
In the process of developing more than 80 fisheries operating models around the world, a number of inconvenient truths emerge regarding current fishery management paradigms. Attempting to reconcile these findings reveals incoherence in the management of marine resources and in some cases, inexcusable practices.
March 30 Good Friday - UBC CLOSED
April 6 Dr. Robyn Forrest
Research Scientist, Section Head of the Quantitative Assessment Methods Section
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Lessons learned from Management Strategy Evaluation in BC's fisheries
Marine and anadromous fish populations exist in highly complex environments where many interacting processes may affect their productivity. Uncertainty arising from unseen, sometimes unmeasurable, processes is a ubiquitous component of fisheries stock assessment. While statistical methods and models to incorporate uncertainty into stock assessment advice have become quite sophisticated in recent years, there are still often large structural uncertainties that cannot be resolved with available data. The human component of fisheries may be similarly complex, with different user, management and interest groups having a wide range of objectives, some of which may be in conflict. Management Strategy Evaluation (MSE) is an approach to fisheries management where performance of a set of alternative management procedures (MPs) is compared across a range of different management objectives (e.g., conservation, cultural and economic). Robustness to uncertainty is tested by developing a plausible set of simulated operating models that reflect different hypotheses about uncertain stock and fishery dynamics. While computer simulation models are central to MSE, allowing MPs to be tested in a simulated environment, the most essential aspect of applied MSE is defining real-world objectives and performance metrics. This may involve extensive consultations and can take several years as participants build expertise and trust in the process. For this reason, MSE can be very time and resource intensive, and has only been applied in a few fisheries in Canada. In this seminar, we present an overview of some real MSE processes being applied to marine and anadromous fish stocks in Canada, with case studies from the Pacific region. We present the factors that motivate the choice to pursue MSE and discuss our experiences and lessons learned. Case studies range from mature MSE processes that are being implemented in practice (Sablefish), to new and ongoing MSE projects under development (Pacific Herring, Southern and Yukon Chinook Salmon). We also touch on the utility of closed-loop simulation studies that rely on generic, rather than consultation-based, objectives as a means of testing performance of alternative management procedures, such as choice of harvest control rules.

DATE SPEAKER TITLE
Click on title to read more
September 16 Oai Li Chen
Research Associate, University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff
Modeling and projecting the seafood supply and demand in the United States: a closer look at the future supply of the U.S. farmed raised catfish under alternative scenarios
September 23 Maria Byrne
Professor, University of Sydney
Responses of echinoderm life stages to warming and acidification: a multistressor perspective
September 30 Evgeny Pakhomov
Professor, IOF & Department of EOAS
Ecological importance of Antarctic pelagic tunicates: new insights into their life cycle and implications for the Southern Ocean biological pump
October 7 Kim Bernard
Oregon State University
The Role of Phytoplankton in the Winter Diet of Antarctic Krill
October 14 André Frainer
Post-doctoral researcher, Norwegian College of Fishery Science, University of Tromsø
Climate warming and the functional composition of fish communities in the Barents sea
October 21 Charles Menzies
Professor, Department of Anthropology and IOF
People of the Saltwater: Lessons for fisheries and oceans science
October 28 Murdoch McAllister
Associate Professor, IOF; and Canada Research Chair in Fisheries Assessment
Use of models of intermediate complexity (MICE) to quantify trophic and fishery dynamics and identify triggers of recent population declines in Kootenay Lake’s trophy trout fishery
November 4 William Cheung
Associate Professor, IOF; and Director (Science), NF-Nereus Project
Meeting the Paris Agreement: Implications for marine fisheries
November 11 REMEMBRANCE DAY - UBC closed
November 18 Mimi Lam
Research Associate; Policy & Ecosystem Restoration in Fisheries
Straddling the Science-Policy Interface with Values in the Haida Gwaii Herring Fishery
November 25 Juan Jose Alava
MITAC postdoctoral fellow, Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries and Vancouver Aquarium
Exploring the Impact of Climate Change on the Bioaccumulation of Chemical Pollutants in a Marine Food Web from the Northeastern Pacific: An EwE model approach
January 13 Gabriel Reygondeau
Postdoctoral Research Fellow, NF-UBC Nereus Program
Marine biodiversity of the global ocean: distribution, characteristic and projection
January 20 Martha Mendoza
Pulitzer Prize winning Journalist, The Associated Press
Seafood From Slaves
January 27 Philippe Le Billon
Professor, UBC Geography
Fish Wars
February 3 Anna Schuhbauer
PhD candidate, RMES and IOF
The economic viability of small- versus large-scale fisheries - an example from Mexico
February 10 Student Presentations Melanie Ang: Adapting to climate change in small-scale fisheries: a regional study of Pacific North America
Samantha James: Prey and diet of juvenile sockeye salmon across spatial and temporal gradients
Christine Stevenson: Impacts of physiological condition and age on migration survival and behaviour of sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) smolts
Yovela Wang: Early gonad development of the spinecheek anemonefish (Premnas biaculeatus)
February 17 Daniel Pauly 
University Killam Professor, Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries and Principal Investigator, Sea Around Us
What is the real catch amount of the world's fisheries?
March 3 Malin Pinsky
Assistant Professor, Pinsky Lab, Rutgers University
Global change: how odd are the oceans?
March 10 Brett Van Poorten
Adjunct Professor; Applied Freshwater Ecology Research Unit, BC Ministry of Environment
Recreational fisheries: complex interactions between anglers and fish
March 17 Brian Riddell
CEO/President, Pacific Salmon Foundation; Canadian Commissioner, Pacific Salmon Treaty; Project Lead, Salish Sea Marine Survival Project
Our Changing Role in Science
March 24 Lucas Brotz
Postdoctoral Fellow, Sea Around Us
Jellyfish - food of the future?
March 31 Dyhia Belhabib
Program Manager, Ecotrust Canada
Ugly fish, science engagement, and the indigenous basket
April 7 Jordan Rosenfeld
Aquatic Scientist
Applied Freshwater Ecology Research Unit
Fish, farms, and flow: adaptive habitat differentiation and environmental impacts on stream salmonids (plus some comparative ecosystem ecology)