Oceans and Fisheries Seminar Schedule

TERM 1

DATE SPEAKER TITLE
October 27 Philippe Le Billon
Professor, UBC Department of Geography and the Liu Institute for Global Issues
Jessica Spijkers
PhD student, Stockholm Resilience Centre and James Cook University
Fish Wars
Conflicts at sea over fisheries is a rising concern. We provide a brief overview of fisheries conflicts, including typologies, escalation patterns, and prevention/resolution mechanisms. We briefly discuss specific case studies associated with territorial disputes, climate change impacts, environmental activism, and the militarization of fishing fleets and enforcement.
November 3 Judith G. Hall
Professor Emeritus, Departments of Medical Genetics and Pediatrics, University of British Columbia and BC Children’s Hospital
Reflections on an Academic Career
November 10 Gerald Singh
Nippon Foundation Senior Nereus Fellow
November 17 Dalal Al-Abdulrazzak, PhD
Ocean Wise Seafood Specialist and Honorary Research Associate, IOF
Trends and future priorities for market-based marine conservation initiatives
November 24 Moura Quayle
Director, UBC School of Public Policy and Global Affairs
The UBC School of Public Policy and Global Affairs: leadership through engagement
December 1 Rob Parker
NSERC Postdoctoral Fellow; Fisheries Economic Research Unit
Measuring the carbon footprint of world fisheries
September 8 Jennifer Gardy
Assistant Professor, School of Population and Public Health, Canada Research Chair in Public Health Genomics, Senior Scientist at the British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, co-host CBC's The Nature of Things and Discovery Channel's Daily Planet
Why Communicate Science? SCIence Communication Action Team - SciCAT!
Communicating our science and our scholarship is an incredibly important part of what we as researchers do. In this short and interactive session, a facilitator from SciCATS (the Science Communication Action Team!) will walk you through the fundamentals of talking about your research. Come prepared to learn, share, laugh, and be inspired! 
September 15 Andrés Cisneros-Montemayor
Program Manager / Research Associate
Nippon Foundation – UBC Nereus Program
Enabling (or bracing for) the Blue Economy: equity, sustainability, and growth for the marine industrial revolution
The Blue Economy is a promising framework for ocean-based sustainable development, a kind of marine industrial revolution that is already underway. However, interested nations and financiers must carefully consider if there is sufficient 1) natural potential and 2) governance capacity to achieve equitable and sustainable economic growth. If this can’t be assured, potential negative outcomes include further environmental degradation, poor returns on investments, increased social and economic inequality, and, ultimately, a higher risk of human conflicts. A socially equitable and environmentally sustainable marine industrial revolution is possible, but must be carefully implemented to avoid the mistakes and sometimes egregious outcomes of the past.
September 22 Dr. Sarah Foster
National Coordinator, SeaChoice
Honorary Research Associate; Project Seahorse
Turning national commitments into conservation action for seahorses

Seahorses have generated many exciting conservation changes for seahorses and other ocean life - the most important being the emergence of a new tool for regulating global exports of marine fishes. All seahorse species are listed on Appendix II of The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, which means international trade can continue but must be managed for sustainability. The listing of seahorses on CITES was a step in the right direction – but as is the case with all agreements, without effective implementation the listing will not mean much for seahorses. Implementation of this listing at the national level is critical, and has been much of Project Seahorse’s, and my, focus for the last 6 or so years. My presentation will give you an overview of our efforts in making CITES work for seahorses, the successes as well as the challenges. My focus is on supporting Parties to prove their exports are not detrimental to wild populations, and illegal trade. At its simplest, proving non-detriment comes down to answering a few key questions: where are the seahorses, what threats do they face, what management is in place to mitigate threats and is management working. When exporting countries can’t prove non-detriment they face trade bans – and this is now the case for all major seahorse-exporting nations. So where do we go from here?

September 29 Dr. Villy Christensen
Professor, IOF, UBC
Are ecosystem models used for management and policy?
There is almost global agreement that marine resources have to be managed sustainably and with an ecosystem perspective. Ecosystem models play an important role for this, but are they actually used for fisheries management and setting of policies? When considering this, remember that models should be used for what they are good for, and that different models are constructed for different purposes. Ecosystem models are primarily for strategic considerations of the kind: where do we want to be with this ecosystem in the medium term (i.e. 5-10 years)? As such, they compliment assessment models that are constructed for shorter-term tactical purposes. So, are they now, after decades of development actually being used for management and policy? In this talk, I will give a cursory overview of the type of questions that the most widely used ecosystem modelling framework, Ecopath with Ecosim (EwE) is being used to address and how this is being used for actual management and policy settings around the world.Villy is one of the core faculty of IOF, and he primarily works with development of tools for ecosystem based management, notably the Ecopath with Ecosim (EwE) approach and modelling framework – in close cooperation with Carl Walters and colleagues around the world. As part of this, he serves as Executive Board Chair of the Ecopath International Research and Development Consortium, which has 27 organizations as members. He has been involved in numerous international assessments, including the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, UNEP’s Global Environmental Outlooks and most recently as a lead author for IPBES. Recent activities range in scale from treating the global ocean as an ecosystem for evaluating combined climate and fisheries impacts to predicting ecological impacts of building a new container terminal at Roberts Bank.
October 6 Lydia Teh and Louise Teh
Research Associate, Nereus Program and Changing Oceans Research Unit
Research Associate, Fisheries Economics Research Unit
Perspectives on the societal contribution of small-scale fisheries
Improving the state of small-scale fisheries can help governments achieve various Sustainable Development Goals by 2030, especially those on eradicating poverty, achieving zero hunger, and sustaining oceans. To do this, it is essential to gain a better understanding about how small-scale fisheries contribute to society, and challenges to their ability to make these contributions. In this presentation we cover recent and ongoing research which analyses small-scale fisheries’ societal contribution from three different perspectives. First, we assess the relative importance of small-scale fisheries for food security by comparing the amount of catch from small-scale and industrial fisheries that is used directly as food fish, rather than being converted to other uses. Second, we take a more in-depth look at fisheries employment to examine the relative importance of fishing jobs to individual fishers. We look beyond valuing employment as just a number, and explore attributes of fishing jobs that better portray their socio-economic relevance to fishers. Third, we use the concept of ‘safety net’ to bring together and value the various ways in which fishing offers a form of social protection to the poor and vulnerable in times of crisis. We conclude by addressing human rights protection as a pathway towards providing the necessary conditions for improving small-scale fisheries.
October 13 Josh Eagle
Solomon Blatt Professor of Law,
Director, Coastal Law Field Lab
University of South Carolina
The 21st Century Wharf
In early colonial America, the English common law did not grant waterfront landowners the right to construct a wharf (a pier or dock) on the submerged land next to their property. By the 1640s, however, colonial legislatures and courts began to change that. They recognized that the establishment of this private right, which allowed landowners to connect to navigation, would benefit the growing nation.The bargain was as follows: By providing the private landowner with an easement over the adjacent submerged land, the government would encourage private investment in the construction of commercial wharves. Private investment in wharves would not only increase the value of the owner’s property, but it would also provide benefits to society in the form of cheaper and more convenient facilities for the movement of goods and services by water.While we may no longer be concerned with wharf shortages, there are other publicly important projects -- such as building new dunes and restoring fish habitat -- that waterfront landowners might undertake. Should we develop new kinds of property rights that would encourage private investment in enhancing ecosystem services? What would these rights look like, and what are the potential benefits and risks of a property rights approach?
October 20 David Shiffman
Liber Ero Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Simon Fraser University
Recreational Shark Fishing in Florida: An Interdisciplinary Analysis of an Emerging Conservation Issue
Sharks are one of the most threatened groups of marine fishes, but the majority of research, advocacy, and management attention to date has focused on threats stemming from commercial fisheries. In this seminar, Dr. David Shiffman will present his interdisciplinary research on threats that sharks face from recreational fisheries in Florida, including charterboat fishing, land-based fishing, and trophy fishing. This research includes assessments of the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of different groups of recreational shark anglers, as well as recommended policy solutions.Dr. David Shiffman is a Liber Ero Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Simon Fraser University, where his research focuses on sustainable shark fisheries in North America. He has a Bachelors of Science in Biology from Duke University, a Masters in Marine Biology from the College of Charleston, and a Ph.D. in Ecosystem Science and Policy from the University of Miami. David is also an award-winning science communicator, with bylines in the Washington Post and Scientific American, and has been interviewed in Science, Nature, National Geographic, CNN, and NPR. His widely-followed twitter account @WhySharksMatter is used to educate non-experts about marine science and conservation. Please visit DavidShiffmanCV.com for more information

 

TERM 2

DATE SPEAKER TITLE
January 5
January 12 Marie Auger-Méthé
Assistant Professor
Dept. of Statistics and Institute for the Oceans & Fisheries
January 19 Fiorenza Micheli
David and Lucile Packard Professor of Marine Science
Co-Director, Center for Ocean Solutions
Hopkins Marine Station
Stanford University
January 26 Xiaonan Lu
Associate Professor, Food Science
UBC Faculty of Land and Food Systems
February 2
February 9
February 16 Jordan Rosenfeld
Aquatic Scientist, Applied Freshwater Ecology Research Unit
February 23
March 2 Eric Taylor
Professor, UBC Department of Zoology
Director and Curator of Fishes, Beaty Biodiversity Museum
Science in the service of Canadian freshwater fish species-at-risk
March 9
March 16
March 23
March 30 Good Friday - UBC CLOSED
April 6


DATE SPEAKER TITLE
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September 16 Oai Li Chen
Research Associate, University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff
Modeling and projecting the seafood supply and demand in the United States: a closer look at the future supply of the U.S. farmed raised catfish under alternative scenarios
September 23 Maria Byrne
Professor, University of Sydney
Responses of echinoderm life stages to warming and acidification: a multistressor perspective
September 30 Evgeny Pakhomov
Professor, IOF & Department of EOAS
Ecological importance of Antarctic pelagic tunicates: new insights into their life cycle and implications for the Southern Ocean biological pump
October 7 Kim Bernard
Oregon State University
The Role of Phytoplankton in the Winter Diet of Antarctic Krill
October 14 André Frainer
Post-doctoral researcher, Norwegian College of Fishery Science, University of Tromsø
Climate warming and the functional composition of fish communities in the Barents sea
October 21 Charles Menzies
Professor, Department of Anthropology and IOF
People of the Saltwater: Lessons for fisheries and oceans science
October 28 Murdoch McAllister
Associate Professor, IOF; and Canada Research Chair in Fisheries Assessment
Use of models of intermediate complexity (MICE) to quantify trophic and fishery dynamics and identify triggers of recent population declines in Kootenay Lake’s trophy trout fishery
November 4 William Cheung
Associate Professor, IOF; and Director (Science), NF-Nereus Project
Meeting the Paris Agreement: Implications for marine fisheries
November 11 REMEMBRANCE DAY - UBC closed
November 18 Mimi Lam
Research Associate; Policy & Ecosystem Restoration in Fisheries
Straddling the Science-Policy Interface with Values in the Haida Gwaii Herring Fishery
November 25 Juan Jose Alava
MITAC postdoctoral fellow, Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries and Vancouver Aquarium
Exploring the Impact of Climate Change on the Bioaccumulation of Chemical Pollutants in a Marine Food Web from the Northeastern Pacific: An EwE model approach
January 13 Gabriel Reygondeau
Postdoctoral Research Fellow, NF-UBC Nereus Program
Marine biodiversity of the global ocean: distribution, characteristic and projection
January 20 Martha Mendoza
Pulitzer Prize winning Journalist, The Associated Press
Seafood From Slaves
January 27 Philippe Le Billon
Professor, UBC Geography
Fish Wars
February 3 Anna Schuhbauer
PhD candidate, RMES and IOF
The economic viability of small- versus large-scale fisheries - an example from Mexico
February 10 Student Presentations Melanie Ang: Adapting to climate change in small-scale fisheries: a regional study of Pacific North America
Samantha James: Prey and diet of juvenile sockeye salmon across spatial and temporal gradients
Christine Stevenson: Impacts of physiological condition and age on migration survival and behaviour of sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) smolts
Yovela Wang: Early gonad development of the spinecheek anemonefish (Premnas biaculeatus)
February 17 Daniel Pauly 
University Killam Professor, Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries and Principal Investigator, Sea Around Us
What is the real catch amount of the world's fisheries?
March 3 Malin Pinsky
Assistant Professor, Pinsky Lab, Rutgers University
Global change: how odd are the oceans?
March 10 Brett Van Poorten
Adjunct Professor; Applied Freshwater Ecology Research Unit, BC Ministry of Environment
Recreational fisheries: complex interactions between anglers and fish
March 17 Brian Riddell
CEO/President, Pacific Salmon Foundation; Canadian Commissioner, Pacific Salmon Treaty; Project Lead, Salish Sea Marine Survival Project
Our Changing Role in Science
March 24 Lucas Brotz
Postdoctoral Fellow, Sea Around Us
Jellyfish - food of the future?
March 31 Dyhia Belhabib
Program Manager, Ecotrust Canada
Ugly fish, science engagement, and the indigenous basket
April 7 Jordan Rosenfeld
Aquatic Scientist
Applied Freshwater Ecology Research Unit
Fish, farms, and flow: adaptive habitat differentiation and environmental impacts on stream salmonids (plus some comparative ecosystem ecology)