FISH 500 Lecture Schedule

Term 2, 2016/7 Academic Year

Time: 11 am-12 pm
Location: AERL 120

DATE SPEAKER TITLE
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March 31 Dyhia Belhabib
Program Manager at Ecotrust Canada

We will look at the impacts of "convenient" management of fisheries, or the lack of it, on local communities and indigenous values through the scope of illegal fishing and fishing agreements, and we discuss the changes that engaging science can bring therein. It was estimated that over 26 million tonnes of fish, that is up to 23 billion USD are lost every year due to illegal unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU). We know for a fact that West Africa is one of the most heavily affected regions in the world. Illegal fishing affects both the socio-economics and the traditional and cultural fabrics of local communities. Over 600,000 Jobs are lost every year in West Africa alone, traditional diets shift, culture transforms to be more or less resilient, and the memories of people adapt to a harsh reality. Sometimes, illegal fishing becomes a “normal business” and ways around it are developed. Some indigenous communities become so accustomed to the presence of these big foreign fishing vessels that they develop trade mechanisms with them, and countries are expected to develop policies, to regulate what was illegal at the first place! To handle this issue, a new era of sanctioning was born, the EU's approach to reducing IUU fishing has been faced with major successes thanks to the yellow card, red card, and in some cases, the blacklisting of countries. As we zoom into the EU practices, we will look at how the EU exercises a certain right to fish in waters where there is a "surplus", however inconvenient this may be for the coastal communities, and sometimes indigenous communities in those countries. We discuss food security implications, and the change in the culture of these indigenous communities. Finally, we will conclude with some key lessons on how to squeeze out some real change out of our science, how to engage policy makers, beyond the discourse of doom and gloom, and beyond our expected ideals.I am a Program Manager at Ecotrust Canada, where I joined a vibrant and innovative team of managers and practitioners to learn more about aboriginal fisheries. I am also an Advisor to the Sea Around Us where I used to be a Research Associate and Fisheries Scientist at the University of British Columbia (UBC). I work on Fisheries equity and food security, community engagement, fishing rights, and First Nation Fisheries and issues that affects them. My recent work focuses greatly on adding transparency and insight through thorough research on fisheries in Canada and abroad, and looking at economic and social solutions to environmental problems related directly or indirectly to fisheries. As the Lead engagement for Africa for the Sea Around Us, I work closely with national and regional bodies, government, non-government and professional organizations. I build local capacity and strong collaborations between The Sea Around Us and many partners in the region by conducting numerous training activities from Vancouver and in Africa.
I completed my PhD under the supervision of Dr. Daniel Pauly in Resource Management and Environmental Studies at the Fisheries Centre, UBC, in 2014, just hours before I had my baby. As a researcher that focuses on one of the most problematic fisheries regions in the world [Yes, yes, that includes British Columbia, the “golden child of fisheries management"], I reconstructed fisheries catches of all sectors for 22 countries of West Africa, assessed the economic and societal importance of small-scale fisheries in the region and how their resilience and performance were affected by illegal fisheries, climate change and lack of adequate data. My research and engagement work translated in major policy changes in countries of West Africa. I am also on the board of the National Centre for Fisheries and Aquaculture Research of Algeria, and the FishTracker initiative, and I was designated as a strategic planner for the MAVA Foundation, and I made it to BuzzFeed as a "badass Muslim woman".Website: www.researcherdiaries.com

April 7 Jordan Rosenfeld
Aquatic Scientist
Applied Freshwater Ecology Research Unit

The west coast of North America supports over 9 species of pacific salmon and trout which exhibit an astonishingly wide array of life-history strategies. In the first part of this talk I will consider differentiation of phenotype and life-history among salmonid species, populations, and individuals at the freshwater juvenile rearing stage, and how adaptive differentiation relates to habitat partitioning and associated tradeoffs in phenotype, particularly selection on juvenile growth. Variation among rainbow trout individuals and populations supports the interpretation of a general adaptive tradeoff between selection for high growth vs. active metabolic performance. Life-history and growth differentiation among west coast salmonids can also be interpreted through the lens of evolutionary pressure to escape habitat bottlenecks that limit adult population size.

Stream flow represents a major environmental determinant of juvenile salmonid abundance and a significant regulatory challenge, as domestic and industrial water demands increasingly conflict with flow needs for fish. Despite the need for clear science advice on minimum flows required to support fish production, instream flow science has seen limited evolution over the last 40 years. I will review the potential for bioenergetic modelling of juvenile salmonid growth to be used as a tool to better predict the biological consequences of low stream flows, which are a natural consequence of seasonal summer drought in coastal British Columbia. Low summer flows represent a habitat bottleneck to salmonid production in many coastal streams; this natural bottleneck will be exacerbated by increasing water demands in conjunction with warming temperatures under climate change, reduced snow pack, and eutrophication from urban and agricultural development. Managing for persistence of salmonid-bearing streams in productive landscapes like the lower Fraser Valley requires long-term landscape modelling to anticipate the synergistic consequences of landuse and climate change, and to identify the current management actions required to ensure future persistence.

Finally, freshwater and marine ecosystems display strong contrasts in the magnitude and trophic basis of biological production, the drivers of which remain poorly understood. I will consider how contrasting kinetic energy subsidies (physical energy that generates biological production) contribute to differences in the magnitude of benthic production between streams, lakes, and the marine intertidal.

Jordan Rosenfeld is a Stream Ecology Scientist with the British Columbia Ministry of the Environment based out of UBC. He did his M.Sc. degree at the University of Guelph studying primary production and energy flow in forested streams, and a Ph.D. at UBC studying fish predation effects on benthic invertebrate community structure in coastal streams. He currently does a variety of work related to management of freshwater habitats, including the effects of stream habitat structure on productive capacity for juvenile salmonids, stream restoration, modelling drift-foraging bioenergetics of salmonids, assessing critical habitat of freshwater fish species and risk, and instream flow modelling.

January 13 Gabriel Reygondeau
Postdoctoral Research Fellow, NF-UBC Nereus Program
Marine biodiversity of the global ocean: distribution, characteristic and projection
January 20 Martha Mendoza
Pulitzer Prize winning Journalist, The Associated Press
Seafood From Slaves
January 27 Philippe Le Billon
Professor, UBC Geography
Fish Wars
February 3 Anna Schuhbauer
PhD candidate, RMES and IOF
The economic viability of small- versus large-scale fisheries – an example from Mexico
February 10 Student Presentations Melanie Ang: Adapting to climate change in small-scale fisheries: a regional study of Pacific North America
Samantha James: Prey and diet of juvenile sockeye salmon across spatial and temporal gradients
Christine Stevenson: Impacts of physiological condition and age on migration survival and behaviour of sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) smolts
Yovela Wang: Early gonad development of the spinecheek anemonefish (Premnas biaculeatus)
February 17 Daniel Pauly 
University Killam Professor, Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries and Principal Investigator, Sea Around Us
What is the real catch amount of the world’s fisheries?
March 3 Malin Pinsky
Assistant Professor, Pinsky Lab, Rutgers University
Global change: how odd are the oceans?
March 10 Brett Van Poorten
Adjunct Professor; Applied Freshwater Ecology Research Unit, BC Ministry of Environment
Recreational fisheries: complex interactions between anglers and fish
March 17 Brian Riddell
CEO/President, Pacific Salmon Foundation; Canadian Commissioner, Pacific Salmon Treaty; Project Lead, Salish Sea Marine Survival Project
Our Changing Role in Science
March 24 Lucas Brotz
Postdoctoral Fellow, Sea Around Us
Jellyfish – food of the future?

 

DATE SPEAKER TITLE
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September 16 Oai Li Chen
Research Associate, University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff
Modeling and projecting the seafood supply and demand in the United States: a closer look at the future supply of the U.S. farmed raised catfish under alternative scenarios
September 23 Maria Byrne
Professor, University of Sydney
Responses of echinoderm life stages to warming and acidification: a multistressor perspective
September 30 Evgeny Pakhomov
Professor, IOF & Department of EOAS
Ecological importance of Antarctic pelagic tunicates: new insights into their life cycle and implications for the Southern Ocean biological pump
October 7 Kim Bernard
Oregon State University
The Role of Phytoplankton in the Winter Diet of Antarctic Krill
October 14 André Frainer
Post-doctoral researcher, Norwegian College of Fishery Science, University of Tromsø
Climate warming and the functional composition of fish communities in the Barents sea
October 21 Charles Menzies
Professor, Department of Anthropology and IOF
People of the Saltwater: Lessons for fisheries and oceans science
October 28 Murdoch McAllister
Associate Professor, IOF; and Canada Research Chair in Fisheries Assessment
Use of models of intermediate complexity (MICE) to quantify trophic and fishery dynamics and identify triggers of recent population declines in Kootenay Lake’s trophy trout fishery
November 4 William Cheung
Associate Professor, IOF; and Director (Science), NF-Nereus Project
Meeting the Paris Agreement: Implications for marine fisheries
November 11 REMEMBRANCE DAY - UBC closed
November 18 Mimi Lam
Research Associate; Policy & Ecosystem Restoration in Fisheries
Straddling the Science-Policy Interface with Values in the Haida Gwaii Herring Fishery
November 25 Juan Jose Alava
MITAC postdoctoral fellow, Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries and Vancouver Aquarium
Exploring the Impact of Climate Change on the Bioaccumulation of Chemical Pollutants in a Marine Food Web from the Northeastern Pacific: An EwE model approach